Afghanistan Country Information

 
 
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Afghanistan Travel Information


Afghanistan (the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) is a landlocked country in southern Asia. It shares land borders with Iran, Pakistan, the People's Republic of China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

As of 2009. the population of Afghanistan was estimated to be 28,150,000. Approximately 3 million people live in the country's capital, and largest city, Kabul. Kabul is thought to be one of the oldest capital cities in the world, and is believed to have been first established sometime between 2000 BC and 1500 BC. Apart Kabul, Afghanistan contains 13 other cities with populations over 100,000, the largest of which is Kandahar, which has a population of about 450,000.

Map of Afghanistan

After a prolonged period of unrest in the 1970s, Afghanistan has been almost continuously involved in civil war or foreign occupation:
  • The USSR invaded the country in 1979, and remained there until 1989. During this period, the US backed the Afghanistan resistance movement, known as the Mujahideen.

  • The Soviet backed Communist regime remained in power until 1992, until it was eventually overthrown by the Mujahideen.

  • Civil war then broke out been various Mujahideen factions, this fighting peaking in 1994.

  • The Taliban then began to develop. Eventually they took control of Kabul in 1996, and subsequently most of the country.

  • Following the 9/11 attacks on the United States, in 2001, a coalition led by the US and Britain began bombing the Taliban, and backed the Northern Alliance in the Afghan civil war. This eventually led to the overthrow of the Taliban regime, and the establishment of a new Afghan government. However, Taliban resistance to both the Afghan government and coalition forces continues to this day.

Afghanistan Country Details


Country Name Afghanistan
Political Status Country
Geographic Location Central Asia
Principal Language Pashto
Capital Kabul


Web Sites about Afghanistan


Shrine of Hazrat Ali in Mazir-e-Sharif, Afghanistan
Here are some other web sites about Afghanistan::

Blue Mosque in Mazir-e-Sharif, Afghanistan

Books about Afghanistan


Here are some books about travel to Afghanistan:

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Lonely Planet Afghanistan (Lonely Planet Travel Guides) (Country Travel Guide)
By Paul Clammer

Lonely Planet
Paperback (244 pages)

Lonely Planet Afghanistan (Lonely Planet Travel Guides) (Country Travel Guide)
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Discover Afghanistan

Blink as you emerge from the cliffs at the top of one of Bamiyan's enormous Buddha niches.
Stop pedalling for a moment and drift in your swan-shaped pedalo on the waters of Band-e Amir.
Utter a great smoking sigh of contentment as you puff on a sheesha at Mirwais Shandaiz.

In This Guide:

Chapters on working and safety in Afghanistan, with advice from resident expats.
Specialist contributors write on journalism, women, and trekking in the Wakhan and the Afghan Pamir.
Lonely Planet founder Tony Wheeler reflects on travel to Afghanistan over the decades.
Three Years in Afghanistan: An American Family's Story of Faith, Endurance, and Love
By Matthew Collins

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (316 pages)

Three Years in Afghanistan: An American Family s Story of Faith, Endurance, and Love
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Afghanistan is a land of conflict and massive human needs, but it is much more than that. A place of veiled beauty, its people are resilient with deeply held traditions, generous hospitality, and a sense of leeriness toward the West. In the summer of 2004, humanitarian aid worker Matthew Collins, his wife Christine, and their one-year-old daughter Ellie moved to Afghanistan. This memoir describes their first three years trying to make a difference in this incredible country. From harrowing moments of danger, to light-hearted and heartbreaking cultural encounters, they learn to overcome the challenges of fear and culture shock through faith, endurance, and love.
Afghanistan
By Freytag-Berndt und Artaria

Freytag-Berndt und Artaria
Map (1 pages)

Afghanistan
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Explore Afghanistan with this Freytag&Berndt road map. The best way to plan your trip, prepare your itinerary, and to travel independently in this Asia country.

Inset map of Kabul ; place name index on the other side of the map. Touristic information: airports, castles, archaeological sites, oil fields, spas, Unesco World Heritage sites, border-crossing.

The legend is in English, French, German, Italian, Dutch, Spanish, Polish, Hungarian, Czech, and Slovak. All places are indicated in Roman script.
Welcome to Afghanistan
By Jay Buckner

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (134 pages)

Welcome to Afghanistan
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A contractor assigned to pull off an agriculture fair in Herat, Afghanistan. 20,000 Afghans showed up. Candid and opinionated.
Travels into Bokhara: The Narrative of a Voyage on the Indus
By Alexander Burnes

Brand: Eland Books
Paperback (244 pages)

Travels into Bokhara: The Narrative of a Voyage on the Indus
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Sent to India aged just sixteen to make his fortune, Alexander Burnes soon revealed an extraordinary talent for languages, combined with a boyish charm, insatiable curiosity, and irrepressible enthusiasm. By the age of 26 he had so impressed his superiors that he was entrusted with the task of delivering a gift of horses from King William IV to the Maharajah of Lahore. In reality he was acting as a diplomat and spy. Having succeeded, he was then dispatched on a much more dangerous mission, to explore the political and ethnic realities amongst the Khanates of Afghanistan and Central Asia. This travelogue brings the heady sense of excitement, risk, and zeal of Alexander Burnes' missions.
Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Middle East Wall Map
By National Geographic Maps - Reference

National Geographic
Map (1 pages)

Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Middle East Wall Map
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National Geographic's map of the Middle East covers a broad geographic area ranging from northern Africa through the Fertile Crescent to the western edge of China and India. Includes complete coverage of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Oman, Cyprus, and Eritrea. Also includes parts of India, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Djibouti.

Features thousands of place names, accurate political boundaries, archeological sites, and major infrastructure networks such as roads, canals, ferry routes, airports, and railroads. The region's diverse terrain is detailed through accurate shaded relief, coastal bathymetry, and symbolism for water features and other land forms. Elevations of major peaks and depth soundings are expressed in meters. The signature Classic style map uses a bright, easy to read color palette featuring blue oceans and stunning shaded relief that has been featured on National Geographic wall maps for over 75 years.

The map is packaged in a two inch diamater clear plastic tube. The tube has a decorative label showing a thumbnail of the map with dimensions and other pertinent information.

  • Map Scale = 1:6,087,000
  • Sheet Size = 30.25" x 23.5"
Afghanistan venture: discovering the Afghan people;: The life, contacts and adventures of an American civil engineer during his two year sojourn in the Kingdom of Afghanistan
By Paul S Jones

Naylor Co
Unknown Binding (454 pages)

Afghanistan venture: discovering the Afghan people;: The life, contacts and adventures of an American civil engineer during his two year sojourn in the Kingdom of Afghanistan
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The Places In Between
By Rory Stewart

Mariner Books
Released: 2006-05-08
Paperback (297 pages)

The Places In Between
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In January 2002 Rory Stewart walked across Afghanistan-surviving by his wits, his knowledge of Persian dialects and Muslim customs, and the kindness of strangers. By day he passed through mountains covered in nine feet of snow, hamlets burned and emptied by the Taliban, and communities thriving amid the remains of medieval civilizations. By night he slept on villagers' floors, shared their meals, and listened to their stories of the recent and ancient past. Along the way Stewart met heroes and rogues, tribal elders and teenage soldiers, Taliban commanders and foreign-aid workers. He was also adopted by an unexpected companion-a retired fighting mastiff he named Babur in honor of Afghanistan's first Mughal emperor, in whose footsteps the pair was following.

Through these encounters-by turns touching, con-founding, surprising, and funny-Stewart makes tangible the forces of tradition, ideology, and allegiance that shape life in the map's countless places in between.

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