Western Sahara Country Information

 
 
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Western Sahara Travel Information


Western Sahara is a territory in Northwest Africa. It borders Algeria, Mauritania, and Morocco, as well as having a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. The territory of Western Sahara is largelly defacto controlled by Morocco, although some eastern parts of the territory are controlled by the independence movement, the Polisario Front, through its Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) government.

The reason for the complex situation in Western Sahara relates to the decolonization process. In 1975, Western Sahara was a Spanish colony, but Spain, with its leader, General Francisco Franco dying, was under pressure to withdraw from the colony. Meanwhile Morocco claimed a historical right to the territory, and Mauritania claimed parts of the territory as "Greater Mauritania". The result was the Madrid Pact between Mauritania, Meanwhile Morocco, and Spain which divided the territory between the first two, and provided for continuing Spanish economic interests. However, the Madrid Pact was strongly opposed by Algeria and the Polisario Front, which both supported independence. This conflict led to guerilla war, with Algeria backing the Polisario guerillas, and in 1976, even committing some troops.

Spain soon (by 1976), abandoned all interests in the territory, and Mauritania also withdrew entirely in 1979, and although a a ceasefire has been in effect between Morocco and the Polisario Front since 1991, the territory remains divided and its status in dispute.
  • Morocco defacto controls and claims sovereignty over the entire territory.

  • Some eastern parts of the territory are controlled by the independence movement, the Polisario Front, through its Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic government. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) government is recognized by the African Union and around 80 other national governments.

  • The United Nations still considers Western Sahara to be a non-decolonized territory, with Spain as the administrating power, since, in its view, no formal decolonization process took place.
As of 2009, the population of Western Sahara was estimated as being 513,000. The territory's largest city is El Aaiún (Laáyoune), which, as of 2009, had a population of 194,668, and has been under the de facto control of Morocco 1976. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) considers El Aaiún to be the de jure capital of Western Sahara.

Western Sahara Country Details


Country Name Western Sahara
Political Status Country
Geographic Location Northwest Africa
Principal Languages
  • Arabic
  • Berber
  • French
  • Spanish
  • Capital El Aaiún


    Web Sites about Western Sahara


    Here are some other web sites that may be useful::

    Books about Western Sahara


    Here are some books about travel to Western Sahara:

    Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

    Timbuktu School for Nomads: Across the Sahara in the Shadow of Jihad
    By Nicholas Jubber

    Nicholas Brealey
    Released: 2017-11-07
    Paperback (336 pages)

    Timbuktu School for Nomads: Across the Sahara in the Shadow of Jihad
    List Price: $14.95*
    Lowest New Price: $14.95*
    Not yet published*
    *(As of 19:28 Pacific 25 Mar 2017 More Info)


    Click Here
    Product Description:

    The Timbuktu School for Nomads is a unique look at a resilient city and how the nomads pit ancient ways of life against the challenges of the 21st century.

    The Sahara: a dream-like, far away landscape of Lawrence of Arabia and Wilfred Thesiger, The English Patient and Star Wars, and home to nomadic communities whose ways of life stretch back millennia. Today it's a teeth-janglingly dangerous destination, where the threat of jihadists lurks just over the horizon. Following in the footsteps of 16th century traveller Leo Africanus, Nicholas Jubber went on a turbulent adventure to the forgotten places of North Africa and the legendary Timbuktu.

    Once the seat of African civilization and home to the richest man who ever lived, this mythic city is now scarred by terrorist occupation and is so remote its own inhabitants hail you with the greeting, 'Welcome to the middle of nowhere'.

    From the cattle markets of the Atlas, across the Western Sahara and up the Niger river, Nicholas joins the camps of the Tuareg, Fulani, Berbers, and other communities, to learn about their craft, their values and their place in the world.
    Western Sahara Travel Journal, Pop. 522,928 + Me
    By Dragon Dragon Travel Journals

    CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
    Paperback (206 pages)

    Western Sahara Travel Journal, Pop. 522,928 + Me
    List Price: $14.95*
    Lowest New Price: $12.14*
    Lowest Used Price: $13.98*
    Usually ships in 24 hours*
    *(As of 19:28 Pacific 25 Mar 2017 More Info)


    Click Here
    Product Description:

    There is always room for you in Western Sahara!

    Here’s the Dragon Dragon Travel Journal deal.

    You wander the world having adventures, and such. Dragon Dragon provides you with 200 pages to document your travels, discoveries and insights. That’s it. Simple. Beautiful. True.

    To help keep things organized, we’ve given each journal a unique continent, country or city name.

    Wherever you go in this life, a Dragon Dragon Travel Journal can help make the going better and the remembering easier!


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