Australia Country Information
Australia Travel Information
The Commonwealth of Australia is a large country, principally located in a large island continent (and covering the entire mainland of that continent) in the Southern hemisphere, but also incorporating a number of additional islands as well, including islands that in the Indian, Pacific, and Southern Oceans. The largest of these Australian islands is Tasmania, which lies to the Southeast of the mainland Australian continent, just 125 miles (200 kilometers) away, across the Bass Strait.
Australia does not have any land borders with any countries, but it does have sea borders which a number of countries, specifically Indonesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, and Vanuatu.
The population of Australia is currently approximately 21 million people. Most of these people live in the various capital cities of each of the five mainland Australian states: Adelaide (capital of South Australia), Brisbane (capital of Queensland), Melbourne (capital of Victoria), Perth (capital of Western Australia), and Sydney (capital of New South Wales). There also of course many other cities in Australia, including the national capital, Canberra.
Australia has a developed economy, and is one of the world's top 20 countries in terms of both overall GDP and GDP per capita. The economy is dominated by a service sector, which accounts for approximately 70% of GDP. However, although agriculture and mining are relatively small in absolute terms (less than 10% combined), they dominate Australia's exports.
Australia is home to a wide range of different climatic regions and habitats. Most of the country is covered by desert and semi-arid grasslands, but there are also temperate zones, tropical and subtropical regions, and some equitorial climatic regions. There is a great diversity in the flora and fauna found across the country, and many distinctive forms of wildlife for which Australia is known, such as emus, kangeroos, koalas, kookaburras, playtpus, and wallabies. Additionally, Australia also is home to the world's largest coral reef system, the Great Barrier Reef, which is over 1,600 miles (2,600 kilometers) long.
If visiting Australia, you will of course want to see the wildlife, the Great Barrier Reef, the beaches, the natural landscapes (such as Ayers Rock - Uluru), and the country's many cosmopolitan cities.
Australia Country Details
Web Sites about Australia
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